miércoles, 26 de noviembre de 2014
Nuestro último artículo, aceptado en Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A
Relationship between sperm quality parameters and the fatty acid composition of the muscle, liver and testis of European eel
R. Baeza, I. Mazzeo, M.C. Vílchez, V. Gallego, D.S. Peñaranda, L. Pérez, J.F. Asturiano
This study looks at the correlations of fatty acids has on different tissues in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla, L.) during hormonally-induced sexual maturation, with different sperm quality parameters. In order to evaluate the different dynamics of the use of fatty acids, a categorization of the results from each sperm quality parameter (volume, concentration, motility and velocity) was performed.
Low and moderate correlations were observed between muscle tissue and some sperm quality parameters but no high correlations were found. Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n3, EPA) in the liver seems to have a role in determining the volume of sperm produced. This can be explained by the fact that EPA is a major requirement in the early phases of sperm production (probably as a component of the spermatozoa membrane). In addition, the levels of α-linolenic acid (18:3-n3, ALA) and linoleic acid (18:2-n6, LA) in the liver decreased when sperm motility increased. In all the tissues, a negative correlation was observed between arachidonic acid (20:4n-6, ARA) and the different sperm velocity parameters. The fact that an increase in the consumption of ARA coincides with an increase in the speed of spermatozoa, highlights the important role that this fatty acid plays not only in sperm production, but also in sperm velocity.
All this information could prove useful in the development of suitable broodstock diets to improve sperm quality and subsequently, the larval development of this species.